An applicant for Medicaid to pay for nursing home care is not eligible if the available resources exceed a certain level. The regulations for New Jersey Medicaid specify how joint accounts are treated: “All funds in the account are resources to the individual, so long as he or she has unrestricted access to the funds (that is, an “or” account) regardless of their source. When the individual’s access to the account is restricted (that is, an “and” account), the CWA [caseworker] shall consider a pro rata share of the account toward the appropriate resource maximum, unless the client [applicant] and the other owner demonstrate that actual ownership of the funds is in a different proportion.” N.J..A.C 10:71-4.1(d)2.
The burden of proof is on the applicant, and since this is an administrative proceeding, the burden is the mere preponderance of the evidence. However, applicants should always be prepared to provide specific, orderly, non-hearsay evidence which has extra corroboration if possible. Live testimony is often important. If an application is denied, the applicant can seek a Fair Hearing before the Office of Administrative Law. The Director of the NJ Division of Medical Assistance and Health Services makes the final determination and then either party can appeal to the Appellate Division.
In a recent non-precedential decision called S.M. v. Div. of Med. Assistance and Health Serv., N.J. Super. App. Div. (per curiam), the Agency had rejected an application for Medicaid benefits because of a joint bank account she owned with her son. The amount in the account was $70,000, but her resource limit for eligibility was $2,000. She claimed that $60,000 of the funds was contributed by her son when he sold his house. The Administrative Law Judge apparently found the son to lack credibility, and apparently there were gaps in the evidence. The denial was confirmed by both the Judge and the Agency director, but the Court found that this decision didn’t rest on “substantial evidence in the record” and a remand was necessary to address the unresolved gaps in the evidence. The case was remanded for further proceedings.
Moral of the story: gather ye evidence while ye may. It’s necessary to put together an orderly, strong legal case for that first administrative proceeding. This is no guarantee of success with DMAHS, which often reverses favorable ALJ decisions, but it can make for a sturdier record as the case moves through the appellate process.
Call us for advice on Medicaid eligibility and for representation in Medicaid Fair Hearings and Appeals ……. 732-382-6070