Finally! A clear declaration on the snapshot date for NJ medicaid home care applications

When a married person applies for Medicaid benefits to pay for nursing home care (“institutional care”), the first day of the first month of continuous residence in the facility is often referred to as the “snapshot date.” On that date, a “picture is taken” of all of the non-excluded assets owned by the two spouses.  A calculation is then made to see if a “spend-down” is required. More often than not, some “spend-down” is indeed required. In other posts over the years, I’ve talked about different methods for the “spend-down,” which typically includes a wide variety of expenses, and sometimes even gifts and annuity purchases. The point of the spend-down is to reduce the non-excluded resources (assets) to the level that enables the applicant to apply for benefits.Half of the snapshot total, up to a specified limit, is called the CSRA — Community Spouse Resource Allowance –– which is the share of the resources that is protected for the spouse. Since asset values can vary, you can see that  it is extremely important to know just what date to use for the snapshot so that enough assets can be preserved in the CSRA and so that the application can be filed at the correct time.

New Jersey also provides home health care/custodial care benefits under its Medicaid/MLTSS Home and Community-Based Services program. For married people living at home and applying for this program, there have been problems for years with the snapshot date due to wide divergence among the County Boards of Social Services when they process these applications This means there have been problems with the consequences that flow from that date — how to calculate the  CSRA; how much needs to be spent down; when the assets have been reduced sufficiently to apply; and therefore, in some cases, whether a transfer penalty period will be triggered for prior gifts. There is no actual regulation which specifies what the snapshot date is for these cases. For years, this gap in the published rules has left applicants in jeopardy, as they try to “spend down” to achieve eligibility with no law to go by. They eventually learn months later  that  their applications are denied “due to excess resources,” and they have to start all over again.

In a Final Agency Decision just recently issued by the NJ Division of Medical Assistance and Health Services (DMAHS) in a case called S.W. vs Cumberland County Board of Social Services, the State has pronounced the rule. Keep in mind that a potential applicant has to meet the clinical level of care that is sufficient for the program, and the approval of clinically eligible is confirmed by a “P.A.S.” issued by a state representative based on a clinical assessment.SW v Cumb. CBOSS , HMA 00815-20

S.W.’s application was originally filed while she lived at home. The P.A.S. was issued on February 20th. So she used February 20th as the snapshot date, “spent down” and filed her application.  Later on, in April, she had to relocate to a nursing home. The County Board insisted on moving the snapshot date forward to April 1st. Of  course this then would mean her spouse had to spend down even more from their few remaining assets. She pursued her appeals. The Director of DMAHS agreed with her. At the end of the decision, the State  declared: ” Here, Petitioner’s PAS was completed on February 20, 2019 while Petitioner resided in the community. The PAS certified that as of February 20.2019, Petitioner was clinically eligible for “nursing facility level of care in a Nursing home or home and community-based waiver In accordance with N.J.A.C. 8:85-2.1.” Therefore, Petitioner’s snapshot occurred in February 2019 when she had been determined to be eligible for the level of care provided in a nursing home.”

Finally. A clear statement of the law.

Call for advice and representation on Medicaid eligibility planning, applications and appeals … 732-382-6070

NJ Medicaid confirms that CARES payments won’t interrupt benefits

Previously we reported on concerns about whether the $1200 per person payments or the $600 unemployment enhancements that would be arriving via the CARES ACT would be counted as income or a resource which would affect the means-tested benefits being received under New Jersey’s Medicaid (NJ FamilyCare) programs. We’re happy to report that the Director of DMAHS has released a Medicaid Communication (Med-Com) concerning the COVID-19 crisis  that makes it clear that this will not happen.  MedCom 20-04_COVID-19_Guidance

The receipt of the payments will be treated as ‘excluded unearned income” in the month of receipt. This means that it will not change a person’s eligibility category if s/he is in a program that sets a ceiling or “income cap” for eligibility. This also means that if the person is receiving MLTSS benefits for skilled nursing home services, the payments do not have to be handled the way other income is handled, and they are not counted toward the resident’s monthly cost share to the facility.

The receipt of the payments also will not be counted as a “resource” (asset)  for up to 12 months after the month of receipt. This means that it will not change a person’s resources if s/he is in a program that has a resource limit (frequently this limit is $2,000 but certain programs have a higher limit). The “spend down” can be done gradually over the year, and might have to be reported at the time of the annual redetermination.

Call us with questions about NJ Medicaid eligibility, applications and appeals …. 732-382-6070


County Medicaid Agency Backs Off – Small Business Saved

Recently, a senior client who had a very small business that he ran by himself came to see me in a panic.  He was just making ends meet. His spouse had been on Medicaid in a nursing home for several years, but the county board of social services was now questioning the nature of the business and whether it was a countable resource that should have been spent down.  They were going to  terminate the wife’s eligibility.  “How can I appeal this?” was one of his worries.

The client was distraught, but we helped him to keep a level head.  Our first step was to file for a Medicaid Fair Hearing and make sure that benefits were continued while that administrative appeal was going on. Next was getting more information about this business–did it have any other employees other than the spouse?  What equipment or real estate was owned by the business?  How were taxes handled–could we see the returns?  Did the applicant spouse have an ownership interest in the business?

Once we had this information, it looked like these business activities and the equipment associated with them would fall firmly in the category of excluded resources under the New Jersey Medicaid regulations (N.J.A.C. 10:71-4.4):

“Excludable resources (b) The following resources shall be classified as excludable:  5. Nonhome property that is used in a business or nonbusiness self-support activity that is essential to the means of self-support of an individual and/or spouse, is excluded from resources.   i. Tools, equipment or other items that are used for trade or business and required for employment, including, but not limited to, the machinery and livestock of a farmer, are assumed to be of a reasonable value and producing a reasonable rate of return and are, therefore, excluded from resources.”

Further, under the Social Security Administration interpretive publication (called the POMS), there is no value limit to property that is essential to a trade or business.  It would all be excludable as long as it is in current use. The income the business generates to a community spouse is exempt, regardless of how much.  This is true of all income of a community spouse.

Once we fully disclosed the nature of the business and how it was essential to the spouse’s self-support, the county backed off and reinstated benefits. We could then withdraw the fair hearing.  The client was relieved and thrilled.  He could get back to caring for his wife without this cloud hanging over his head!

The Medicaid regulations are a thorny thicket, but sometimes protection is available if you can just find where it is hidden in there.

If you or a spouse needs Medicaid, but you are unsure about how an active business affects this, give us a call…. 732-382-6070


NJ Medicaid raises spousal maintenance allowance; options still exist to increase the share of resources

Effective July 1, the State of New Jersey Division of Medical Assistance and health Services (DMAHS) has raised the Minimum Monthly Maintenance Allowance (MMMNA) for the spouse of a person who is on Medicaid. For residents of nursing homes, the general rule is that all of the resident’s income must be turned over to the facility as a cost-share, except for authorized deductions which include support of a spouse if the spouse’s own income is less than the Maintenance Allowance. The NJ MMMNA is now $1,991.25. The relevant regulation is N.J.A.C. 10:71-5.7, and here is the new MedCom No. 15-09, dated July 1m 2015.


In calculating the amount of this spousal support deduction, an excess shelter allowance is provided if shelter costs are in excess of $597.38. Also, if the spouse pays for utilities, a utility allowance of $491.00 per month is added to the base MMMNA.

Typically, these calculations are not done until after the applicant has been found to be resource-eligible (“after the spend-down”). This does not mean that all the excess assets have to be spent on the nursing home, and there are techniques available which we use regularly, that preserve substantial assets for support of the spouse.

Also, in some cases, the combined income of the spouses will not be enough to provide the spousal support amount. There is a special regulation for those cases, in which the community spouse can keep more assets than usual because the income is too low. N.J.A.C. 10:71-5.7(d) and N.J.A.C. 10:71-8.4. This is based on the federal statute at  42 USC 1396r-5(e)(2)(C). These issues have to be addressed at the earliest possible time,  before the couple embarks on a spend-down. This protection of extra assets can only be obtained by going through a hearing process at the NJ Office of Administrative Law. New Jersey is an “income-first” state, which means that before the extra resources can be set aside for or transferred to the community spouse, all income must be made available. The U.S. Supreme Court dealt with this issue in  Wisconsin Dep’t. of Health v. Blumer, 534 U.S. 473 at 484, 151 L. Ed.2d 935 at 946, 122 S. Ct. 962 at 969, 151 L. Ed.2d 935 (2002).

First, the income of the community spouse is applied toward their maintenance amount. Then, the income that the institutionalized spouse is earning or receiving (such as pension or Social Security retirement) at the time of the fair hearing is considered. If there is a pending receipt of income based on a prior award notice, that income would also be taken into account (such as where they had received notice that they would be receiving Social Security Disability income as of a certain date). If there is still a “gap,” there is a basis to ask for an increase in the community spouse resource allowance or CSRA to set aside additional resources for the community spouse.

Call us for legal advice on Medicaid eligibility and asset protection, and to prepare your medicaid applications and appeals … 732-382-6070